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Natural enemies are organisms that kill, decrease the reproductive potential of, or otherwise reduce the numbers of another organism.Natural enemies that limit pests are key components of integrated pest management programs.
Natural enemies are parasitoids and predators of the other three groups and can occur in human structures, be attracted to food odors and hosts in or near human food, and end up being contaminates of food.
Natural enemies of wirewormsare few, and often relatively ineffective. Birds are often observed to follow tractors as soil is tilled, and to consume large numbers of wireworm larvae. However, they glean only a small proportion of the larvae. Insectivorous birds also prey on adults, as do predatory ground beetles Coleoptera: Carabidae.
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